My article "Edmund Husserl in Talcott Parsons: Analytical Realism and Phenomenology" has just been published in Human Studies and is available as 'Online First' on SpringerLink:


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This article aims at clarifying the philosophical (=phenomenological) implication of Talcott Parsons’s analytical realism. Generally, his theory is understood as being confrontational to phenomenology; however, in his first book, The Structure of Social Action, Parsons positively referred to Husserl’s Logical Investigations. They shared a sense of crisis: Husserl thought that there was no certain basis in modern science, and Parsons had the feeling that there was no common theory to establish sociology as a science. Thus, both of them criticized the factual sciences of positivism (positivistic empiricism) and showed a strong orientation to the general theory. For this, they depended on conceptual realism (Platonic realism). According to Husserl, scientific knowledge will be arbitrary if the Ideal is not there as the norm of fact. He believed that in truth all people always see Ideas. Similarly, Parsons thought that in truth all people always act toward the Ideal, because the Ideal element is necessarily found through the logical framework of sociology, i.e., the action frame of reference. Hence, he maintained that the Ideal element that gives a normative orientation to actions is real, though analytical, insofar as the social order is established.


Human Studies 誌掲載予定の拙稿 "Edmund Husserl in Talcott Parsons: Analytical Realism and Phenomenology"について、シュプリンガー社より、プレプリントサーバーへのアップロードの連絡がありました。本稿は一般投稿論文のため、招待論文のみの特集号などがあいだに挟まったばあいに紙媒体(電子版含む)としての公刊が遅くなる可能性があるので、以上のとおり告知します。上に記載されているように、現時点で引用等が可能です。


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